Skeletal Biology and Forensic Anthropology Research Group

Skeletal Biology and Forensic Anthropology Research Group

The Skeletal Biology and Forensic Anthropology Research Group conducts research that relates to the study of human skeletal and dental remains. This includes sub-fields of biological anthropology such as bioarchaeology (osteoarchaeology), palaeopathology, forensic anthropology, and biology of the human skeleton. Our research in bioarchaeology is primarily focused on Southeast-Asian and European populations, aiming to reconstruct ancient human lifeways, behaviour, health, demography, and disease by studying human remains from archaeological contexts. Our forensic focus is on developing new and more accurate methods of identifying (e.g. estimating stature) recent human remains, and estimating time-since and manner of death. Finally, we study the anatomy, structure, variation, and metabolic processes involved in skeletal growth and function in humans and animal models, to further our current understanding of human skeletal biology. Our analyses combine macro- and microscopic technical approaches in the lab, survey and recovery in the field, and advanced statistical analyses of demographic data.

 

Professor Marc Oxenham’s chief research focus centres on understanding ancient human biological responses to major lifeway shifts in Southeast Asia, Scotland, and Ireland. His work in Japan, Cambodia, the Philippines, Indonesia and Vietnam (in particular) has been funded from a number of sources, with the Chiang Ching-Kuo Foundation for International Scholarly Exchange and Australian Research Council providing the bulk of support. Most recently, he was awarded a four-year British Academy Global Professorship which he has taken up at the University of Aberdeen. His secondary research focus is elucidating the processes, patterning and rate of soft and hard tissue decomposition in a range of media (surface, sub-surface, and aquatic) in order to develop more precise models for estimating human time since death in Australian conditions.

 

Dr Justyna Miszkiewicz’s primary research interest is to reconstruct past human behaviour and metabolism using ancient skeletal remains. Secondarily, she aims to further our understanding of skeletal growth and physiology in humans and other vertebrates (skeletal biology). Her methodological expertise lies in hard tissue histology, but she also has experience in experimental biomechanics, X-ray imaging, micro-CT, and synchrotron sourced infrared microspectroscopy. Her current major project funded by the Australian Research Council reconstructs bone metabolism change with lifestyle in ancient Asia-Pacific populations.

 

Dr Clare McFadden’s research focusses on refining and expanding palaeodemographic and palaeoepidemiological analyses, with an emphasis on application to bioarchaeological samples from Southeast Asia and the Pacific region. She uses skeletally-derived age-at-death data to estimate population dynamics including fertility, the rate of natural population increase, maternal mortality, and elderly age-at-death, and combines this information with palaeopathological data to understand past population health. The application of these tools has reinforced overarching regional trends in population responses to major sociocultural and technological events.

 

We are an active group with several PhD, Masters and Honours research students who engage in projects that range from lab-based skeletal biology and experimental forensic anthropology to field based bioarchaeology. If you are interested in pursuing a research project in our lab, please contact Professor Oxenham (Marc.Oxenham@anu.edu.au ), Dr Miszkiewicz (Justyna.Miszkiewicz@anu.edu.au), or Dr McFadden (Clare.McFadden@anu.edu.au ).

 

Please note Professor Oxenham is currently based at the University of Aberdeen where he is completing his British Academy Global Fellowship (2020-2024). Dr Miszkiewicz is currently completing her Australian Research Council DECRA Fellowship (2019-2022). They are both not teaching, but can still offer research supervision where possible.

Equipment and facilities

We have standard Osteology research and teaching lab facilities (Bio-Anthropology Teaching Lab Banks 239 and Bio-Anthropology Research Lab Banks 249) with anthropometric equipment, two fume cupboards, and a freezer, which are suitable for gross anatomical examination of human and animal model skeletal specimens. We house an extensive collection of human juvenile and adult skeletal cranial and post-cranial casts, as well as specimens representing a range of skeletal abnormalities.

 

We also have specialised facilities for microstructural analyses (thin sectioning and confocal topography) of hard tissues. Our Histology lab (Banks 229) is equipped with a Kemet cutting saw with a diamond blade, two Olympus BX53 with Olympus DP74 camera high powered microscopes, one Olympus BX50 with a Lumenera’s INFINITY1-2 2.0 megapixel CMOS digital camera microscope, a Buehler EcoMet 300/AutoMet 300 Pro Touchscreen grinder-polisher. A desktop confocal microscope Olympus OLS5000 (funded by the Major Equipment Grant from the ANU) is also located inside the Histology Lab Banks 229. Low powered dissecting microscopes with microscope cameras are also available.

 

Our "library" of thin sections is growing day by day. The lab is set up for processing of archaeological and palaeontological vertebrate skeletal (bones and teeth) samples, as well as modern teeth (of forensic or clinical origin with ethics clearance per project). We do not process fresh bone, only dry and highly mineralised skeletal samples. Please contact Dr Justyna Miszkiewicz (Justyna.Miszkiewicz@anu.edu.au) for tissue processing training, protocols, and expertise.

 

The Centre for Palaeodemography and Palaeoepidemiology (CPP) is led by Dr McFadden and Professor Oxenham. The Centre is small team of biological anthropologists and bioarchaeologists undertaking research into palaeodemographic and palaeoepidemiological methods and applications globally. Please contact either Dr McFadden (Clare.McFadden@anu.edu.au) or Professor Oxenham (Marc.Oxenham@anu.edu.au) if you are interested in joining CPP.

 

Research Group members

Prof Marc Oxenham – Professor of Bioarchaeology, British Academy Global Professor

Dr Justyna Miszkiewicz – ARC DECRA Fellow, Senior Lecturer in Biological Anthropology

Dr Clare McFadden – Lecturer in Biological Anthropology

Dr Jarvis Hayman – Visiting Fellow

Dr Christine Cave – Visiting Fellow

Chelsea Morgan – PhD Student

Madeleine Green – PhD Student

Karen Cooke – PhD Student

Tahlia Stewart – PhD Student

Bonnie Clark – PhD Student

Alejandra Henriquez – PhD Student

Don Matthews – PhD Student

Catherine Fitzgerald - PhD Student

Felicity Gilbert – PhD Student

Nicole McFarlane – PhD Student

Heloisa Mariath - PhD Student

Juliet Meyer – PhD Student

Lindsay Watson – PhD Student

Bonnie Taylor – PhD Student

Gina Basile – Honours Student

Liv Beatty – Honours Student

Keelan Goodisson - Honours Student

Britta Van Tiel - Honours Student

Alex Wulff - Honours Student

Emma Spencer – Masters Student

Tianyi Wang – Masters Student

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Updated:  5 May 2020/Responsible Officer:  Head of School/Page Contact:  CASS Marketing & Communications